THE BULKELEY FAMILY
HOLD VARIOUS DOCUMENTS
RELATING TO THE BOROUGH OF BEAUMARIS AND
THE BULKELEY FAMILY OF BARON HILL.
Some of those details appear here.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF WALES;
BIOGRAPHY ON LINE
BULKELEY family, Anglesey , etc., with its chief Welsh seat at Baron Hill (and Pen-y-parc) by Beaumaris, was one of the most powerful families in North Wales. At the height of its power it had lands in all six commotes of Anglesey, while it had important interests in the Creuddyn peninsula, in the town of Conway, in the eastern and western districts of Arllechwedd; it had much property on the Hirael foreshore in Bangor and in the town of Caernarvon.
By the marriage in 1749 of the 6th viscount to Emma, daughter and heiress of Thomas Rowlands of Caerau, were added the Caerau estate in north-west Anglesey and the Plas-y-nant lands by Betws Garmon that stretched past Rhyd-ddu to the slopes and summit of Snowdon.
In the course of years subsidiary families, younger branches, had grown up, quite important entities, in their own right. Early in the 16th cent. the Bulkeleys of Porthamel, who came to an inglorious end when Francis Bulkeley shot himself at Plas Llangefni in 1714, and the Bulkeleys of Gronant and Dronwy, the second being represented in later days by Sir John Bulkeley of Presaddfed, whose widow married the Rev John Elias, later in the century branched out the Bulkeleys of Brynddu, of whom William the Diarist was the most noteworthy. Then follow the Bulkeleys of Cremlyn, Cleifiog, Plas Goronwy, and Ty'n-y-caeau, more subsidiary still.
The family's ancient home was in north-east Cheshire. The exact date of the migration west is not known, nor is there proof that the first stopping-place was Beaumaris (certain happenings point to Conway). It is safe to say that the Bulkeleys were settled in Anglesey before 1450; two years before that one of them had m. Alice, daughter of Bartholomew de Bolde, a citizen of Conway who had acquired much land on the left bank of the river, a solid nucleus to the Bulkeley lands in Arllechwedd Isaf.
Acquisition of farms in Caernarvonshire and Anglesey went on apace; the family gradually grew in importance, till one of them, RICHARD (d. 1546 or early 1547), was knighted (about 1534), and his brother ARTHUR (d. 1552) became bishop of Bangor.
The greatest of these early knights was undoubtedly the third, RICHARD (d. 1621), head of the family from 1572 to 1621, friend of queen Elizabeth and bitter antagonist to the earl of Leicester's schemes in Wales.
For a generation after his death, the affairs of Baron Hill went under a cloud; the alleged poisoning of the 4th knight (RICHARD, d. 1645), the marriage of his widow to the alleged poisoner Sir Thomas Cheadle, the long-drawn and inconclusive trials at Great Sessions, followed by a number of deaths in the elder line that brought THOMAS (d. 1659), younger son of the third Sir Richard, to be undoubted lord of Baron Hill (so unexpected at one time was this that Thomas had been sent across the Menai to supervise the Bulkeley lands in Arllechwedd, and had at one time thought of emigrating to Virginia).
He was hardly in the saddle when the Civil War broke out, in which he was the natural leader of the king's men in the island of Anglesey. So well did he please the Cavaliers that early in 1644 he was created viscount Bulkeley of Cashel in Ireland. He was one of the chief forces behind the ill-starred Anglesey insurrection of 1648, and stood to lose more by the capitulation and the fine that followed than any of his fellow-islanders: to crown all, he lost his eldest son and heir early in 1650 by the duel on Lavan Sands, which eventually sent Richard Cheadle, son of the alleged poisoner, to the scaffold at Conway castle.
The death of the eldest son and the decimation of the estate pointed rather urgently to a rich marriage for the second son (ROBERT, d. 1659); he married a daughter of a London alderman, with a dowry of £7,000, niece of William Harvey, the distinguished medical scientist of 'circulation' fame, whose shaky signature appears at the foot of the marriage settlement of 1654.
The 2nd viscount's grandson (RICHARD, 4th viscount, d. 1724) was a vigorous personality, but such was the cumulation of offices in his own person that the squires of the western commotes broke out in revolt with Owen Meyrick of Bodorgan as their leader, who fought four county elections with the 4th viscount, failed in 1708 and 1710, won in 1715, lost again in 1722.
The Toryism of the 4th (d. 1724), the 5th (RICHARD, d. 1739), and the 6th (JAMES, d. 1752) viscounts was so rank and high that they were suspected of being Jacobites, a suspicion strengthened by our finding busts of the two Pretenders and of Henry, cardinal York, in the Baron Hill inventory of 1822, and by discovering a secret docket of letters addressed to the head of the family detailing Jacobite fortunes in 1715.
The 7th and last viscount - THOMAS JAMES WARREN BULKELEY - was raised to the peerage of the United Kingdom in 1784, but died without issue in 1822. With him the peerage became extinct, and the long line of Bulkeleys of Baron Hill, that had lasted in unbroken succession for wellnigh four centuries, was at last broken.
Lord Bulkeley was to be followed by his nephew Richard (son of his half-brother Sir ROBERT WILLIAMS, 1764-1830), who received the king's special permission to assume the name of Sir RICHARD BULKELEY WILLIAMS BULKELEY in 1827; he was b. 23 Sept. 1801, and d. 28 Aug. 1875.
Some measure of the Bulkeley influence in Anglesey can be gauged by their having represented, in person or through their nominees, both county and boroughs in Parliament from the middle of the 16th to the middle of the 19th cent. They pulled such weight in Caernarvonshire that when the 1st baron Penrhyn in 1796, backed by the whole influence of bishop John Warren, saw well to challenge the re-election of Sir Robert Williams (v.s.), the sitting member, the latter was easily victorious (690: 370). Sir Robert was to be re-elected for Caernarvonshire six times after this election of 1796.
THE VISCOUNTS BULKELEY
The title of Viscount Bulkeley was created in the Peerage of Ireland on 19 January 1644 for Thomas Bulkeley, the son of Sir Richard Bulkeley of Beaumaris and a supporter of King Charles I of England. The seventh viscount was created Baron Bulkeley in the Peerage of Great Britain on 14 May 1784. On his death in 1822 both titles became extinct. Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams, 10th Baronet, of Penrhyn, succeeded to the Bulkeley estates and assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Bulkeley.
From the second to the sixth viscount, all viscounts were Members of Parliament first of Anglesey, then of Beaumaris.
Thomas Bulkeley, 1st Viscount Bulkeley (d. c.1659)
Robert Bulkeley, 2nd Viscount Bulkeley (d. 1688)
Richard Bulkeley, 3rd Viscount Bulkeley (c.1658-1704) MP for Scotland
Richard Bulkeley, 4th Viscount Bulkeley (1682-1724)
Richard Bulkeley, 5th Viscount Bulkeley (1707-1738)
James Bulkeley, 6th Viscount Bulkeley (1717-1752)
Thomas James Bulkeley, 7th Viscount Bulkeley (1752-1822)
The Williams, later Williams-Bulkeley Baronetcy, of Penrhyn in the County of Caernarvon, is a title in the Baronetage of England. It was created on 17 June 1661 for Griffith Williams. He had already been granted a baronetcy by Oliver Cromwell in 1658. The second Baronet represented both Caernarvonshire and Caernarvon in the House of Commons. The eighth Baronet sat as Member of Parliament for Beaumaris while the ninth Baronet represented Caernarvonshire and Beaumaris. The tenth Baronet was Member of Parliament for Beaumaris, Anglesey and Flint Burghs and served as Lord Lieutenant of Caernarvonshire. In 1826 he assumed by Royal licence the additional surname of Bulkeley on succeeding to the estates of Thomas James Bulkeley, 7th Viscount Bulkeley.
The twelfth and thirteenth Baronets were both Lord Lieutenant of Anglesey while the latter was also Lord Lieutenant of Gwynedd.
The family seat is Baron Hill, Anglesey.
Williams, later Williams-Bulkeley Baronets, of Penrhyn (1661)
Sir Griffith Williams, 1st Baronet (d. 1663)
Sir Robert Williams, 2nd Baronet (c. 1627-1678)
Sir John Williams, 3rd Baronet (d. c. 1682)
Sir Griffith Williams, 4th Baronet (d. c. 1685)
Sir Hugh Williams, 5th Baronet (d. c. 1706)
Sir Griffith Williams, 6th Baronet (d. 1734)
Sir Robert Williams, 7th Baronet (d. 1745)
Sir Hugh Williams, 8th Baronet (c. 1718-1794)
Sir Robert Williams, 9th Baronet (1764-1830)
Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams-Bulkeley, 10th Baronet (1801-1875)
Sir Richard Mostyn Lewis Williams-Bulkeley, 11th Baronet (1833-1884)
Sir Richard Henry Williams-Bulkeley, 12th Baronet (1862-1942)
Sir Richard Harry David Williams-Bulkeley, 13th Baronet (1911-1992)
Sir Richard Thomas Williams-Bulkeley, 14th Baronet (b. 1939)
1405 After final destruction of Llanfaes Friary a great stone coffin was found, the heavy lid carved with a representation of the tragic Princess Joan, wife of Llywelyn the Great. The coffin was removed to the grounds of Baron Hill, the 17th Century mansion of the Bulkeley family. It is now preserved in the parish church of St Mary at Beaumaris.
The Bulkeley family of Baron Hill, Beaumaris in Anglesey, north Wales, migrated from their ancient home in Cheshire and settled in north Wales sometime before 1450.
The Bulkeley family acquired land in Caernarfonshire and Anglesey and grew to become one of the most powerful and influential political dynasties in the area representing, in person or through their nominees, the borough of Beaumaris or county of Anglesey from the 16th to the 19th century.
William Bulkeley of Cheadle, constable of Beaumaris Castle in 1440 and one of the first Bulkeleys of Anglesey had sons Edmund and Rowland; the descendants of his son Edmund were mostly associated with Ireland; Rowland became the ancestor of the main line of Bulkeleys of Baron Hill.
1474 William Bulkeley built Hen Blas, a medieval mansion. It became their family home until Baron Hill was built. (see 1618)
Deed of lease by the mayor, aldermen etc. of Beaumaris to Bartholomew Bulkeley of Beaumaris, upon lands and houses, 1470;
Deed of mortgage by John Stanley to Edmund and Rowland Bulkeley, on lands in the townships of Cerriggwyddyl, Bodweiliog and Dinsylwy, 1476
In 1490, William Bulkeley died, leaving £20 in his will for a tomb for him and his wife.
About 1534 Richard Bulkeley (died 1546 or early 1547) was knighted and his brother Arthur (died 1552) became bishop of Bangor.
Other well known early family members include, Thomas Bulkeley of Plas Goronwy, recorder of the borough of Beaumaris and its parliamentary representative, who was a son of the first Sir Richard Bulkeley and married to Catherine, daughter of David Lloyd of Marian Heilin, Llanddyfnan
Last will and testament of Rowland Bulkeley of Baron Hill, 1537
5th April 1539 Sir Richard Bulkeley wrote to the King's secretary Thomas Cromwell that "The royal castles of North Wales are unfurnished and have neither guns nor powder, nor other artillery, apart from eight or ten small pieces in Bewmares possessed by the writer. Has provided three barrels of gunpowder, some shot, forty bows, and forty sheaves of arrows, with as many coats of fence and sallets and splinters, at his own cost; this is inadequate for such a fortress. Conwey, Carn, and Hardlach castles have nothing in them to defend them for one hour. If enemies secure them "hit wold cost his majestie a hundreth thowsand of his pounds and the losse of mayny a man affor' they shuld be gotten again". Anglesey is but a night's sailing from Scotland….. beseeches a couple of gunners and some good ordnance and powder to defend the King's house in Biwmares"". (see 1609)
1544 Deed of lease by mayor of Beaumaris, Hugh Goodman, the bailiffs and burgesses of Beaumaris to Sir Richard Bulkeley of Baron Hill, 2nd knight, upon property in Llan-faes etc, 1568.
Last will and testament of Sir Richard Bulkeley of Beaumaris, 1st knight, 1544
In 1562 The borough was entitled to return its own Member of Parliament. The Bulkeleys gave the 'seat' to one of its family or to nominee prepared to vote as instructed
Deed of lease by mayor of Beaumaris, Hugh Goodman, the bailiffs and burgesses of Beaumaris to Sir Richard Bulkeley of Baron Hill, 2nd knight, upon property in Llan-faes etc, 1568.
The second knight, Richard (died 1572) was twice married, firstly to Margaret Savage and then to Anne Needham. Lancelot Bulkeley (died 1650), a son from the second marriage was archbishop of Dublin and his son William Bulkeley (died c. 1672) was archdeacon of Dublin.
In 1577 Piracy was rife. Bardsey Island was as much the haunt of pirates as it had once been of saints. At Beaumaris, Sir Richard Bulkeley was not above giving his support to Hugh Griffith, a native of Cefn Amlwch in Llyn and perhaps the most cruel sea-robber of them all. Sir Richard Bulkeley's younger brother Edward turned pirate, met his death on the pirate infested Barbary coast of north Africa.
Indenture between Dr Ellis Price of Plas Iolyn, high sheriff of Anglesey and the corporation of Beaumaris sanctioning the appointment of Thomas Bulkeley, recorder of the borough, as M.P. for the boroughs. Notice of the election of Thomas Bulkeley, 1593
In 1609 Parts of Harlech and Caernarfon castles were still usable, but Beaumaris and Conway castles were officially classed as "utterlie decayed". Thomas Viscount Bulkeley was alleged to have spent £3,000 in repairing the castle in aid of Charles I early in the Civil War. (see 1643)
1618 - Baron Hill was built by Sir Richard Bulkeley to welcome Prince Henry, the elder brother of Charles II, who was going to Ireland to be Lord Lieutenant there. He unfortunately died before taking up the appointment.
The third knight Richard Bulkeley (died 1621) was constable of Beaumaris Castle. He built Baron Hill in 1618 and was the first mayor of Beaumaris.
Decree of the court of wards in a case relating to the will of Sir Richard Bulkeley (died 1621) and certain indentures which seemed to conflict with the will, 1622-1623
Petition of Mary Bulkeley, widow of Sir Richard Bulkeley (died 1621), to the court of wards and liveries, 1623
Thomas Bulkeley (1585-1659) who was constable of Beaumaris Castle, c. 1640, succeeded to the Baron Hill estate on the death of his nephew Richard Bulkeley c. 1639-40, the son of the fourth knight Sir Richard Bulkeley, who apparently died from poisoning ?c. 1630/45.
Petition of Dorothy Bulkeley, widow of Richard Bulkeley of Whatcroft, c. 1641-1642
In 1643, Thomas Bulkeley, who later became Lord Bulkeley was appointed Constable of the Castle. (see 1643)
14th June 1646, For the town of Beaumaris, the eventual victory of the parliament culminated with the surrender of the castle by Co. Richard Bulkeley to General Thomas Mytton, ' Beaumaris being a place that hath been a very great use to the King. The Castle surrendered to Parliament and its active life was at an end. (see 1646)
Letters written during the Civil War, from Arthur Capell to Dr John Williams, Archbishop of York, 1643-1644 and from archbishop Williams to Thomas Bulkeley of Baron Hill, 1644, 1645-1646, etc.
1650 Colonel Richard Bulkeley, who had defended the castle for the King, was killed, fighting a duel on the Lavan Sands. The duel was fought to avenge his father whom he bellieved had been poisoned by his stepfather, Thomas Cheadle.
1653 Thomas Cheadle was hanged in Conway for the murder of Co. Richard Bulkeley
Levy of a fine at the Great Sessions of Caernarfonshire relating to Thomas Bulkeley (1585-1659), constable of Beaumaris Castle, 1654
Deed of appointment of Robert Bulkeley as constable of Beaumaris Castle, 1660
Last will and testament of William Bulkeley, archdeacon of Dublin, 1671-1672
Henry Hyde, 2nd Earl of Clarendon, writes to the Earl of Rochester, describing his journey leaving Penmaenmawr to Beaumaris and Baron Hill.
1865 Dec 30th. I stayed at the foot of Penmaen(mawr) till five, when it should have been dead low water; but the guides and others on horseback found it impassible; and the skilful say the ebb was not so low as it useth to be in these seasons, by forty yards; which they can give no reason for but the weather.I must confess it has been as bad as great a storm all this day of hail, rain and wind, as ever I knew in all my life. I f the tides dwill not suffer the coach to go under the rocks (at six the following morning), then my wife shall go into a litter, which a gentleman has lent me, and I will ride, and so shall her women over the Penman and so to Bangor and thence to Beaumaris, where, God willing, we shall be at noon, and will rest there the rest of the day and night; and on Friday we propose to borrow my Lord Bulkeley's coach to carry us to Holyhead.
1866 New Year's Day
We left at six, my wife in a litter and the rest of us on horseback, though I confess, for my own particular, I went on foot, passed over PenmaenMawr,at the foot of which, on this side, I met Lord Bulkeley's coach and servants, but they told us they had escaped very narrowly being cast away on coming over the ferry, and the winds were so very high that it was not fit for us to attempt goingthat way, so the coach carried us to Bangor, where we ferried to Anglesey. We came safe hither about three in the afternoon, God be praised, without any mischance to any of our company; and here we lodged at my Lord Bulkeley's who makes very much of us, and entertains us most nobly.
1866 Jan 3rd (at Holyhead).
My Lord Bulkeley has been most extraordinary kind to me, and by his care in sending pioneers before, the way from Beaumaris hither was made as good as possible, though still it was worse than I ever yet went.
Proclamation from Robert Bulkeley and others to the high constables of the hundred of Talybolion regarding the summoning of the militia, 1683, 1689
Returns of Richard 3rd Viscount Bulkeley as knight of the shire for Anglesey, 1695, 1698, 1701, 1702
Returns for Richard 4th Viscount Bulkeley, 1705
Recital of the financial difficulties of Francis Bulkeley of Porthaml and Plas Llangefni, 1722
I am very grateful to Valerie Powls and Mary Buckels for kindly supplying this fascinating family link
Mary Pugh , our grandmother, married John Evans of Cerrig Duon, Llangoed, born 1865, whose mother Margaret Parry was born in Tyddyn Crwn, Penmon in 1829 and whose family had lived in Penmon from the end of the sixteenth century.
One of Mary Pugh's ancestors, John Lewis has a monument now peeping out from under the carpet inside Penmon Church.
It is inscribed thus, "Here lieth the body of John Lewis Late Keeper of Lord Buckeley's Deer park who dyed the X1 day of January Anno Domini MDCCV111 aged 43. My now Lord Bulkeley in token of his faithful service in his Lordship's estate sixteen years myself was granted the charge of this to his memory 1708"
GATHERING THE JEWELS
Diary of William Bulkeley, Brynddu, Llanfechell,
vol. 1, 1734-43
taken from Gathering the Jewels
The following pages have been selected from the first volume of the diary of William Bulkeley (1691-1760), Brynddu, Llanfechell, Anglesey. He was the son of William Bulkeley and Lettice Jones of Llangoed, and a descendant of Sir Richard Bulkeley of Baron Hill, Sheriff of Anglesey in 1596. William Bulkeley's diaries consist of three volumes, but unfortunately the second volume (1743-7) is missing. The diaries are extremely valuable for their vivid portrait of Anglesey life in the eighteenth century. They include accounts of farm life, wages, prices etc., and not a day passed without William Bulkeley noting very carefully which way the wind blew! Selected extracts from his diary have been transcribed by J. E. Griffith, see 'Transactions of the Anglesey Antiquarian Society' (1931). On the first page of the first volume of his diary (March 1734), William describes the work which was undertaken on his land. He planted many seeds and trees.
Diary entry for 1-6 April 1734. William notes that the fruit trees are all in full blossom. On 6 April, William received a warrant from the sheriff's bailiff instructing him to appear on the Grand Jury of the Anglesey Court of Great Sessions at Beaumaris.
Diary entry for April 30 1734. Mr John Bulkeley of Bwlchanau, Lord Bulkeley's agent, came here today to engage my vote and interest for Mr Baily. Mr Watkin Williams Wynn of Wynstay was then at Baron Hill and was to go to Denbighshire to-morrow to attend his own election which is to be on the 2nd of May next. He told me there was an association or confederacy betwix 25 or 30 Gentlemen, the Duke of Bolton, Earl of Chesterfield, Earl of Scarborough and several other Lords, Mr Watkin Wm. Wynn, Mr Sandys of Worcester, Mr Pulteney, SirWilliam Wyndham and others, to exert all their interest and power in all parts of the Kingdom to get a majority if possible against the villain Walpole, and they hoped to get amongst them 270 members to sit in the House of Commons whose knees had not bowed down to Baal. God send it may be so, Amen
Diary entry for May 8 1734. I set out to attend the county election which begins to-morrow about 12 in the forenoon; it began to rain again and I had rain all the way till I came to Maenaddwy. I was sufficientlt tired and wet by ye time I became to Beaumaris.Upon Red Wharf Sands I met John Davies of Llandyfrydog who is one of 24 capitall Burgesses of Beaumaris we gave account that he was then coming from Beaumaris Election, where Lord Bulkeley had been chosen without opposition; they had dined at Bull's Inn. I called at Bwlch Gwyn to give some drink to the voters that came along with me......
Diary entry for May 10 1734. All the gentlemen in the town dined at Baron Hill; there were three tables set in the dining room, 11 or 12 at each table; the entertainment was handsome and elegant...Everybody in the company drank ye horn which contained something above a quart, and afterwards full glasses till 7 o'clock, when the company broke up, some went to Town, others staid there.
Diary entry for 31 May to 4 June 1734. On 31 May, Richard Williams Carrog came to visit. William notes that he was 'very drunk' and 'was so troublesome that cousin Henry Hughes & I were forced to leave him by himself to get rid of him'. On 4 June, a quoiting match was held at Llanfechell. William went to the cock-fight at Llandyfrydog, where eight silver spoons were offered as prizes.
Diary for the period 26-31 August 1734. On 26 August, William notes that the weather was extremely rough. Despite the weather, William employs a number of men to reap the barley during the week. On 28 August he gave his daughter's maid a shilling to attend the funeral of Mrs Anne Williams, Llanfaethlu. On 29 August, William's dog was bitten by a viper. William killed the snake before removing its fat. He then melted the fat and applied it to the swelling.
Diary for the period 10-15 January 1735. On 14 January, William attended the funeral of Mrs Lloyd of Rhosbeirio. He gave some money to the parson and sexton. William notes that it is traditional to offer gifts over the coffin. There were six bearers at the funeral whom William describes as wearing 'scarfs, alamode silk hatbands, & gloves'.
Diary for the period 22-24 April 1735. William travels from Caernarfon to Beaumaris where he will take part in the Court of Great Sessions. The jury is called and returned by Hugh Price.
Diary for the period 24-26 April 1735. William attended the court at Beaumaris, where he was sworn in as one of the jurors. He writes that he 'paid the ordinary custom of dropping a shilling in the glove upon being sworn'. The following day a cattle fair was held at Llannerch-y-medd, which William describes as 'the poorest fair ... as hath been seen in the memory of man'. The Judge, Grand Jury and court officials dined at the Bull's Head, Beaumaris. The Court reconvened the following day and heard a number of criminal cases. Two of the convicted were ordered to be burnt in their hands, while John Prichard, a burglar and felon, was condemned to be hanged.
Diary for the period 26-31 May 1735. On 26 May, William walked to Cemais where he bought ten gallons of brandy. He notes that only six or seven people were present at the evening service at Llanfechell church owing to 'the Ridiculous & immorrall Custom of Acting Interludes on this day drawing people's servants not only from Church, but from attending at home, so on those occasions, in a manner all ye houses in ye parish may be found without a soul in them or about them'
Diary for the period 8-13 June 1735. On 8 June, William writes that he 'sent 3 of Pant y Gist Chickens to their walks'. The following day, he describes the activities of the farm and the work carried out on the land. On 13 June, William went to the cockfight at Amlwch.
Diary for the period 7-11 February 1737. On 9 June, William notes that: 'Fevers and Pleurisies are mighty common and Epidemicall in the Countrey'. In certain parishes on the island of Anglesey, they are burying the dead every day.
Diary for the period 25-31 December 1737. On Christmas Day 1737, William writes that many people attended the early-morning or 'plygain' service at the church.
Diary for the period 22-24 March 1739. On 22 March, William received a letter asking him to be one of the bearers at the funeral of Lord Bulkeley, Baron Hill, Beaumaris. On 24 March, William rode to Beaumaris: he left Brynddu at half past five in the morning and arrived at ten o'clock. He cleaned his boots then put on his 'best wig'. He went to Baron Hill where he was led into the 'Mourning Room', before joining the other bearers.
Diary entry for 24 March 1739. William describes the scene at the funeral of Lord Bulkeley, Baron Hill, Beaumaris.
Diary entry for 24 March 1739. William describes the scene at the funeral of Lord Bulkeley, Baron Hill, Beaumaris.
Diary for the period 24-30 July 1740. On 26 July, William notes that there were 'very few people in Llanfechell church occasioned by the old superstition of people of all sexes and ages going to Llanelian wakes to visit a dry skull, scraping an old stone and playing other Jugling tricks in the myfyr & ye Cwppwrdd'.
Diary for the period 2-4 April 1742. On 4 April, William went to Llangefni 'to meet the corps of Mrs Meyric of Bodorgan who dyed in London and which is to be deposited in a Vault at Llangadwaladr'. William describes the funeral procession from Llangefni to Llangadwaladr.
Diary for the period 4 April 1742. William describes the funeral of Mrs Meyric of Bodorgan who was buried in a vault at Llangadwaladr. William had been in the vault some eight years ago and describes it as being 'about 4 yards square, arched at top with brick, which is supported in the middle by a square pillar of brick, and as high as most men's heads, there is a bench quite round it (except at the stairs that comes down to it) cut out of Rock, and broad enough for any Coffin, there was in it then 3 coffins, that of Mr Wm Meyrick of Cefn Coch, those of Mr Philip and Eyton Meyrick, 2 sons of Mr Edmund Meyrick of Trefri, and not the least ill smell in it'. William refers to an 'extraordinary' discovery on the opening of the vault when one of the coffins was found to have moved.
Diary for the period 19-23 April 1742. On 20 April, William paid for feed for his cock which was to fight the following day for silver tumblers. He gave tuppence to a boy who brought him a raven. The following day, William set out 'for Rhydpont cocking'.
1749 - 1815
of Neuadd Gam, Llangoed
Robat Humphreys has been in touch, enquiring about his relative, Richard Bulkeley.
Can you help with his research please?
My family tree on my mother's side has been traced back to Richard Bulkeley, 1749-1815. Very little is known about Richard and so far no photos of paintings etc. have come to light. I do know that he married Jane Owen on 29 October 1779, and that he died in Neuadd Gam, Llangoed in 1815. Sadly, I have no information regarding Jane. However, the couple had five children;
My mother's side of the family is directly descended through John, who married Margaret Williams on 12 November 1819. Margaret was born in Llaniestyn in 1801 and died in 1850 at Neuadd Gam, Llangoed.
I believe that Richard Bulkeley 1749-1815 is related to the "main" branch of Anglesey's Bulkeley family, but so far I have been unable to make this connection. Interestingly, Richard Bulkeley the 5th. Viscount who died in 1739, married Jane, daughter of Lewis Owen of Peniarth, but the dates regarding this couple pre-date those of my ancestors.
If anyone is in a position to supply any information regarding this presumed family connection, or regarding Richard and Jane of Neuadd Gam and their family, I would be very pleased to hear from you.
My contact details are;
Diolch yn fawr. Thank you.
A VISIT TO BARON HILL
Dr Samuel Johnson
Hester Lynch Thrale
1774; Dr Samuel Johnson and Hester Lynch Thrale, whilst on a tour of North Wales visited Baron Hill, the home of Thomas James, 7th Viscount Bulkeley, Constable of Beaumarid Castle, Chamberlain of North Wales and Lord Lieutenant of Caernarfonshire. At this time, Baron Hill was the epitome of gracious living with a vast library. It was a centre of culture and bonhomie where visitors were lavishly entertained.
Lors Bulkeley had previously met Dr Johnson in London, where he had a residence. Lord Bulkeley spent more time in London than at Baron Hill as well as Windsor where he had another property. He was a patron of the arts, commissioning many works.
In his journal of the tour of North Wales, Dr Johnson wrote that 'Lord Bulkeley's house is very mean, but his garden is spacious and shady....'
However, this could have been a very light hearted comment, as Hester Thrale herself wrote that it was ' a place of beautiful situation commanding the castle, the straits and the mountains, an assemblage scarcely to be mended even by the imagination'.
Baron Hill can be seen from various prints at the time as a vast house of quality overlooking a large garden which was lanscaped by William Emes.
Another regular visitor to Baron Hill was Charles James Fox, statesman, orator and diplomat and a contemporary of Lord Bulkeley.
As Baron Hill was on the route to Ireland, it was described as the little London beyond Wales.
ELIN relict of W. LEWIS
who was buried May 24th 1791 aged 68.
the body of BRIDGET LEWIS
daughter of WM. LEWIS of
Richly Grand daughter
of ARTHUR BULKELEY of
Beaumaris Gent. and (Great Grand
daughter R. BULKELEY of Coed...Esqr)
of CATH PIGOT of Chet.....
Park in Shropshire his wife,
died July 25 1779 aged 60.
Baron Hill 1799
23rd September 1801, Richard Bulkeley was born. He was 10th knight was M.P. for Anglesey, high sheriff in 1870 and lord lieutenant of Caernarfon 1851-1866.
In 1805, Lord Bulkeley constructed a new road through his land in order to provide a more direct line of communication to Bangor. It cost some £3,000. (see 1826)
In 1807, the Castle ruins were brought from the crown by the sixth Lord Bulkeley. (see 1832)
2nd June 1808, The North Wales Gazette advised visitors to take the Garth Ferry 'to Lord Bulkeley's road......hanging over the sea to Beaumaris' (see30.01.1826)
Eifion Jones has been in touch. He is interested in families around Beaumaris, and has been researching his family history. He is interested in a possible link with the Bulkeley family. KD
It seems my 5th great grandfather Erasmus Griffiths, born 1736, used to own the land where Beaumaris prison was built. He sold the land for £50 I believe. His wife Ann was born in 1738 and died on the 16th April 1776 in Beaumaris. Erasmus himself died on the 18th February, 1782.
Their son, also named Erasmus Griffiths was born in 1766 and married Mary, born in 1765. He was the Harbour master of the port of Beaumaris in the early 1800's.
In 1841, Erasmus was recorded as aged 75, widowed and of Independant means, living in Church Street, Beaumaris. He too had a son called Erasmus, aged 35, a water bailiff living with him and a daughter Ann, 45, of Independant means. They had two female servants, Catherine Hughes 25 and Maria Williams, 20.
The latter had six children, one of which was William Griffiths, born 20th March 1792, who married Ann Davies on the 18th January, 1813. His occupation was Gamekeeper of Baron Hill in the parish of Llanfaes.
Their other children were:
Erasmus Griffiths born 1796 died 2nd April 1798
Ann Griffiths born 1797 died 29 Jan 1878
Erasmus Griffiths born 1801 died April 1802
Erasmus Griffiths born 1806 died 13 June 1848
Robert Griffiths Born 1800 died 8th Feb 1818 in London,
On Robert's parent's headstone in Beaumaris cemetery it says he is buried in St Olave's Church Flemish Ground Southwark in the county of Surrey.
One member of my family seems to think we are related to the Bulkeley's but unable to find the link.
My Grandmother on my mother's side was Catherine Williams nee Griffiths. It's from her that lead me to both Erasmus's. My grandfather was Robert John Williams and his father was named Robert Williams, master baker in Bangor. It seems the Bulkeley's were all Williams's down to Griffith Williams who was Baron Bulkeley 1658 but I have no idea at all if there is a link. I'll keep digging till my spade wear's out.
Can you help Eifion solve his Bulkeley link? He can be contacted via firstname.lastname@example.org
Correspondence between Sir Richard Williams-Bulkeley with James Sparrow and Mr. Asheton Smith of Faenol, relating to controversy over the most economical way of running packet boats from Holyhead to Dublin, 1832
In 1816, The Loyal Bulkeley Lodge of the Oddfellows Friendly Society set up in the town, a society who gave support to members at times of unexpected loss of earnings.
In 1821, Almost a third of all the town's families depended on the land for their livelihood. Those working on the Baron Hill estate were paid 1/- a day.
1822 - Between 1810 and 1822 the owner of Chobham Park was Lord Bulkeley and the tenant farmer Maurice Burchet. When Lord Bulkeley died in 1822 he bequeathed Chobham Park House to his nephew, Sir Richard Williams Bulkeley [1801-1874c] M.P. for Anglesey and Lord Lieutenant of Carnarvon. However, the usage and benefits continued with the 7th Viscount's widow, Elizabeth, until her death at Englefield Green on 23 February 1826 aged sixty-six. At this date the tenant farmer in physical occupation of Chobham Park House was John Daborn.
Prior to this, between 1734 and 1752 Chobham Park House is said to have been owned by Mr Revel MP. In 1777, Revel's granddaughter married the 7th Viscount Bulkeley of Cashel [1752-1822]. Curiously, although Lord Bulkeley still owned the Chobham Park House Estate at the time of his death in 1822, the land tax returns for 1798 show the 'owner' as Sir William Abdy bt., and the tenant farmer as James Collyer, who paid annual land tax for it of £19 13s 0d. Although this anomaly cannot be resolved, it is quite possible that the Abdy family held a sub interest in the property and estate.
In 1826, Edward Pugh in his Cambria Depicta, described the new road built in 1805, as 'doing away with the necessity of going by a circuitous route and at the same time avoids very great and tedious steeps'
Lord Bulkeley's new road was most important to the town, but its condition had deteriorated considerably by 1827.
In 1827, A turnpike trust was approved, following an application by local dignitaries to Parliament about the state of Lord Bulkeley's road. The road was improved and widened from the revenue derived from the tolls levied on road users.Income from the turnpike tolls were £193.
1831 - Many shipwrecks occurred around Anglesey. One such example was that of the Rothsay Castle in 1831, which had a connection with the town of Beaumaris. The local MP and landowner, Sir Richard Williams Bulkeley, raised funds for the survivors and for the burying of the dead. He sent his workers to look for bodies washed up on the mainland of Conway, Penmaenmawr and Llanfairfechan.
May 1836, Baron Hill badly damaged by fire.
1838, Baron Hill fully restored after a fire in 1836.
In 1838 Sir Richard Williams Bulkeley sold the Chobham Place Estate, including Chobham Park House, to the politician, Sir Denis Le Marchant [1795-1874].
1840, Those working on the Baron Hill estate were paid 1/4d a day, 8/- a week.
1841. CHARLES CAVENDISH FULKE GREVILLE, was a diarist and wrote about his visit to North Wales. He noted that Bangor had a poor church, Cathedral service. The Church is divided into two, half for the English and half for the Welsh.
Monday 28th June we walked to the Menai Bridge, where we got into a car and drove to Penrhyn Castle, a vast pile of building, and certainly very grand, but altogether, though there are fine things and some good rooms in the house, the most gloomy place I ever saw, and I could not live there if they would give me a present of the castle. It is built of a sort of grey stone polishable into a kind of black marble, of which there are several specimens within. It is blocked up with trees, and pitch dark, but it never can be otherwise than gloomy.
We then went to the ferry, and got a boat in which we sailed over to Beaumaris and went up Baron's Hill (Sir Richard Bulkeley's), with which I was delighted. The house is unfinished and ugly, but the situation and prospect over the bay of Beaumaris are quite beautiful. Nothing can be more chearful, and the whole scene around, sea, coast and mountains, indescribably beautiful. The compare this bay with the bay of Naples, and I do not know that there is any presumption in the comparison. Just below the house is the Old Castle of Beaumaris, a very remarkable ruin, in great preservation, both the Castle and the surrounding wall. Drove home in another car; which are most convenient conveyances and in general use in these parts.
1841 BARON HILL CENSUS
Bulkeley family not in residence
George Eaton 30 Male servant
Edward Coates 25 Male servant
Jane Hughes 55 Female servant
Jane Jones 25 Female servant
Margaret Jones 25 Female servant
Sir Richard Bulkeley 39 and family, consisting of wife Maria 30 and children Richard 8, Robert 5 and Thomas 1 were residing at Cavendish Square, St Marylebone at the time of the census.
BARON HILL LODGE
John Parry 35 Agricultural labourer
Susana Parry 32 wife
John Parry 9 son
Elizabeth Parry 7 daughter
Ellinor Parry 3 daughter
Mary Parry 2 daughter
Henry Parry 5 months son
1842, 18 acres of freehold land called Caeau Mair were purchased by Sir Williams-Bulkeley raising money for the council to move ahead with plans to build a pier.
1842, Street markets were difficult to control, so the council used part of the income derived from the sale of Caeau Mair to purchase a permanent site for a market place in the former stable block of Hen Blas, the medieval house of the Bulkeley family.
1843, Lady Bulkeley laid the foundation stone for the pier. A general holiday was declared for the day and a grand procession marched throught town. Toll collector appointed at 10/- a week during summer and 5/- during winter.
1850s, Baron Hill, reputedly the first house in Anglesey to be lit by gas. (see 1852)
1851 BARON HILL CENSUS
BULKELEY FAMILY NOT IN RESIDENCE
James Phelps 32 Husbandman (Scotland)
John Williams 25 Groom (Cornwall)
Edward Coots 35 Groom (Baston Mills, Suffolk)
Mary Ashley 35 House servant (Staffordshire)
Margaret Jones 30 House servant (Beaumaris)
Ann Coots 23 House servant (London)
Grace Owens 20 House servant (Beaumaris)
Elizabeth Kirby 26 House servant (Northampton)
Richard Bulkeley 49 and wife Maria 39 were living at 87 Eaton Square, Belgrave during the 1851 census. He is recorded as Baronet, M.P. and Lord Lieutenant of County of Caernarfon.
BARON HILL LODGE
Thomas Roberts 26 Gardener (Beaumaris)
Ellen Roberts 22 wife (Llaniolen, Caernarfonshire)
Catherine Roberts 6 months daughter (Llanfaes)
William Roberts 17 visitor gentleman's servant (Beaumaris)
THOMAS GOODMAN ROBERTS WAS MY GREAT, GREAT GRANDFATHER. HE IS PICTURED HERE SOME 30 YEARS AFTER THIS CENSUS AT 30 WEXHAM STREET, BEAUMARIS
1855-56 Amongst the parties named in the deeds relating to Tyn y Llwyfan, dated 1855-1856, are Sir Richard Bulkeley-Williams Bulkeley (1801-1875), and his son Sir Richard Lewis Mostyn Williams-Bulkeley (1833-1884) of the Baron Hill Estate, Anglesey.
In 1858, Even numbered houses on New Street were built by the Town Council. Odd numbered houses on the opposite side of the road were owned by the Baron Hill estate.
1861 BARON HILL CENSUS
R. W. Bulkeley 59 Baronet (Marylebone)
Myra Williams Bulkeley 49 (Marylebone)
Charlie Oates 39 Butler (Shofforth)
Edwards Cooke 45 Stud groom (Suffolk, Baston Mills)
George Eagle 30 Under butler (Middlesex, Twickenham)
Alexander Stephens 20 Servant (Oakbrook, Derbyshire)
William Bell 28 Servant (Hants, Rumsey)
John Taylor 32 Servaant (Somerset, Bath)
Eugene Toulons 34 Cook (Native of France)
James Stockwell 23 Servant (Buckinghamshire, Chalfont)
Elizabeth Norman 43 Servant (Devon, Buckland)
Jane Teuton 33 Servant (Northumberland, Newcastle)
Margaret Jones 48 Laundrymaid (Beaumaris)
Jane Jones 48 Servant (Beaumaris)
Laura Roberts 36 House maid (Bangor)
Elizabeth Griffiths 26 House maid (Llanengan)
Jane Williams 19 Servant (Llaniestyn)
Elizabeth Wilson 32 Dairy maid (Nottinghamshire)
Elizabeth Edwards 23 Stillroom maid (Montgomeryshire, Llanfair)
Margaret Hapill 22 Servant (Beaumaris)
Emma Fish 20 Servant (Suffolk)
Ann Grenbich 23Servant (Essex, West Harwood)
BARON HILL LODGE
Henry Jones 37 gardener (Beaumaris)
Jane Jones 34 wife (Llanfair)
Henry Cooper Jones 10 son (Beaumaris)
Margaret Jones 6 daughter (Llanfaes)
Richard Jones 3 son (Llanfaes)
Mary Jones 1 daughter (Llanfaes)
In 1861, An appeal to Sir Richard Williams-Bulkeley resulted in the gift of a two acre site to the town to use as a non-denominational cemetery. The churchyard was closed from 1 July except for the burial of near relations of those already buried there.
Letter issued on behalf of Richard Bulkeley Williams-Bulkeley, then M.P. for Anglesey, relating to the possible candidacy of his son Captain Richard Lewis Mostyn Williams-Bulkeley with the Liberal Party in the event of his retirement, 1861
Sir Richard Williams-Bulkeley established the town's fire brigade in 1862. It was the first in Anglesey. The engine was horse drawn and the volunteer firemen had the right to commandeer the nearest horses on call out. The volunteers were paid 1/- for attending the monthly fire drill and loss of earnings when on fire duty.
|1867, 1st October - BEAUMARIS COURT CASES|
Owen Prichard and William Griffith both of Wrexham Street, Beaumaris, were convicted for damaging trees, the property of Sir Richard Bulkeley William Williams Bulkeley Bart., to the value of 1d. They were ordered to pay 1d immediately or be imprisoned in Beaumaris House of Correction for seven days.
In 1869, Hen Blas, the former home of the Bulkeleys, was demolished.
|1869, 21st August - BEAUMARIS COURT CASE|
William Lomax of Baron Hill Lodge, Beaumaris, was convicted for poaching conies. Ordered to pay 5/- by the 4th September or be imprisoned in Beaumaris House of Correction for seven days hard labour.
|1870, 21st February - MENAI BRIDGE COURT CASE|
|John Beauchope of Baron Hill Lodge, Beaumaris, was convicted for being drunk. Ordered to pay 5/- plus 11/6 costs forthwith, or be imprisoned at H.M.P.|
In 1870, Presbytarian Church built on the corner of Margaret Street and Church Street, on the site of Hen Blas, former residency of the Bulkeley family, at a cost of £1.017.
1871 BARON HILL CENSUS
Sir Richard B. W. Bulkeley 69, Baronet and landowner
Maria Williams Bulkeley 63 (Eatham, Cheshire)
Richard H. W. Bulkeley grandson 8 (St George, Hanover Square, London)
George Austin 61 Butler (Walton on Naze)
Richard Jones 27 Valet (Shropshire)
John Dabby 29 Under butler (Suffolk)
John Maught 25 Footman (Burlington, Worcestershire)
James Austin 24 Footman (Kent)
Charles Llay 23 2nd Coachman (Marlybourne, Middlesex)
George Kirk 18 Groom (Holkham, Norfolk)
William Hughes 20 Steward Room servant (Anglesey, Llanddona)
Chiarli 51 Cook (Naples)
Charlotte Ryan 30 Housekeeper (Ireland, Dublin)
Elizabeth Goodlands 28 Lady's maid (Thiple Hay)
Maria Cipt 22 nurse (Twip)
Margaret McAskill 28 Servant (Sutherlandshire)
Jane Williams 33 Servant (London)
Mary Murray 28 Servant (Barr, Ayrshire)
Emily Hurse 23 Servant (Norfolk)
Elizabeth Jones 19 Servant (Llandyfan, Anglesey)
Mary Hughes 20 Servant (Llanfaes, Anglesey)
Elizabeth Williams 23 Servant (Pentraeth, Anglesey)
Elizabeth Hillon 23 Servant (Newton Abbott, Devonshire)
Mary Millington 16 Servant (Childen Norton, Cheshire))
Elizabeth Williams 17 Servant (Penmon, Anglesey)
Received the following enquiry from Julie Ross and Mark Latham.
Hallo I have read with interest your site
I am currently trying to get together a history of the Kirk family and note that George Kirk age 18 of Holkham, Norfolk was employed as groom to the Bulkeley family and listed in the Baron Hill Census of 1871. I wondered if you have any information on period of employment etc that could be of help in reconstructing a time line for him.
Any information that you may have would really be appreciated.
George was the son of Thomas Kirk 42 and Louisa Kirk 40. Thomas was an agricultural labourer. In 1861 their family consisted of Thomas 15, Sarah 13, Eleanor 11, John 9 and young George 7. All were born in Norfolk, and lived at Wells Road, Holkham.KD
Julie Ross and Mark Latham can be contacted via email@example.com if you can help them please.
BARON HILL LODGE
Elizabeth Lloyd 48 widow,Lodge keeper to Sir RW Bulkeley JP (Beaumaris)
In respectful memory of/
the children of WM. WILLIAMS
(Park keeper to Lord Bulkeley
also to Sir R. B. W. B. Baron Hill)
by ELEANOR his wife.
MARY, she died Jany 23rd 1821 aged 6 yr.
THOMAS, he died Aust. 7 1827 aged 8 years.
HUGH, he died June 3rd 1829 aged 12 years.
& MARY, died Augt. 8th 1836 aged 13 years.
Likelwise of the above mentioned
who died on the 1st day of March
in the year 1837 aged 66 years.
wife of the above
who died July 31st 1872
aged 95 years.
1875, Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams Bart died. A memorial to him was built on the crest of a hill behind the town. A bronze plate in the pedestal describes memorial...
'Erected in honour of Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams Bart, of Baron Hill by his tenants, neighbours and friends who cherish his memory. As a pioneer of agriculture, he was energetic and munificent. He was always ready to promote the welfare and the enjoyment of all around him, and so fulfilled the various duties of his station as to win the affection and respect of his countrymen'.
Sir Richard Williams Bulkeley (1862-1942), 12th Baronet, was Lord Lieutenant of Anglesey and a commander in the Royal Anglesey Militia.
1875 - Death of Richard Bulkeley Williams-Bulkeley 10th knight who was M.P. for Anglesey, high sheriff in 1870 and lord lieutenant of Caernarfon 1851-1866.
He was succeeded by his son Richard Lewis Mostyn Williams-Bulkeley (1833-1884), a captain in the Royal Horse Guards.
1880, Income from the turnpike tolls (Lord Bulkeley's Road) was £249 - £193 in 1828
1880 August 9th - BEAUMARIS COURT CASES.
Of Goodman Roberts, Wexham Street, parish Beaumaris, at Beaumaris for stealing ferns and primroses from Sir Richard L. M. Williams-Bulkeley. Ordered that Goodman Roberts pay to James McDonald £1 plus 9/- costs within 14 days or be imprisoned at Carnarvon for 14 days.
Henry Bromley, also of Wexham Street was similarly fined for the same offence.
Oh dear, Goodman Roberts was my great, great uncle! KD.
In memory of
JOHN son of JOHN WILLIAMS
Keeper to Sir R. B. W. BULKELEY
by GRACE his wife who died
March 20th 1852 aged 5 years.
of the above JOHN WILLIAMS
died April 25th 1877
aged 64 years.
of GRACE wife of the above
who died September 15th 1927
aged 76 years
A letter from Baron Hill in 1878?
Copy of original letter, on embossed
Born 1846, Beaumaris
Received this fascinating e-mail from Grant Christie. KD:
I have a letter from Evelyn Williams written on embossed notepaper Baron Hill, Beaumaris) to my great grandmother, Jane Hughes.
It is dated Nov. 19th (the year is possibly 1878).
Jane evidently was working as a domestic servant at Baron Hill and it advised her to seek another situation. Evelyn Williams offers to assist and provide recommendations.
Williams herself was leaving that day with her husband, Hwfa Williams.
I'd like to positively determine the year.
Grant can be contacted firstname.lastname@example.org you can help KD
BARON HILL, BEAUMAIRS paper
Nov. 19 (1878?)
I am sorry to say there is no chance of Mr. Hwfa and myself having a house for a very long time and so I think it would be best to look out for another situation.
If at any time we should commence house-keeping & you should be disengaged we should always be glad to have you again.
will do my best to find you a place & will be glad to recommend you if you hear of anything likely to suit.
If you make up your book and send it to me I will shortly send you a cheque for the amount.
P.S. Direct to 24 Hill Street as I leave today.
The second note from Evelyn Williams to Jane Hughes was sent from "Temple, Great Marlow, Bucks", her father-in-law's estate.
The note probably has no direct relevance to Baron Hill.
Mr Hwfa Williams
Husband of Evelyn Williams
Hwfa Williams who with his wife was prominent in the court of Edward VII.
He was manager of the racing course Sandown Park, created about 120 years ago.
His wife Mrs Hwfa Williams (affectionally remembered by Felix Yusupov) was a notable society hostess,
and known as the best-dressed woman in England. They were both still alive in 1913.
In 1914, Williams was shot and badly wounded in the Pall Mall by an overworked telegraph clerk.
His wife later authored It Was Such Good Fun,
an account of Edwardian high society life.
Copyright Wikipedia - reproduced by licence
Jane Hughes married in London in 1882 and arrived in New Zealand with two infant daughters, Jane and Mary Ellen and her husband (David Thomas) in 1885.
brother of Jane Hughes
Grant continues. KD:
I also have a wonderful account by Jane's brother Richard Hughes of his time spent in Australia and New Zealand (1869-1879).
He was seaman and had many adventures which I have been able to independently verify.
Richard Hughes died in Beaumaris in 1937.
Page 2 of the Richard Hughes memoir mentions that he worked on the "home farm" of Sir William Bulkeley from the age of 10 until he went to sea aged 14. Similarly his grandfather, his father (Griffith Hughes I think) and his father's sister worked for most of their lives for Bulkeley. It's not clear to me that was the same as Baron Hill. His grandfather may have been his maternal grandfather in which case I think the surname was Griffith.
You can see more about Jane's family at
"Some Beaumaris Families"
1881 BARON HILL CENSUS
Sir R.W. Bulkeley 47 J.P. (London)
Margaret Bulkeley 42 wife (London)
Bridget Bulkeley 10 daughter (London)
Hope Williams 31, brother in law Manager of acres (Bisham, Berkshire)
Florence Williams 25, sister in law (Blandford, Dorset)
Henrietta Barker 20, governess (London)
Henry Berridge 36, Butler (Shipingley)
William Ives 29. Under Butler (Chelemast)
Thomas Tullet 27 First footman (Harsham, Sussex)
George Wilmsby 32 Second footman (Wem, Shropshire)
Richard Parry 25 Second coachman (Penmon, Anglesey)
John Williams 29 Butler (Menai Bridge, Anglesey)
Frank Luddow 17 Butler, Pony boy groom, domestic (Marlybone)
William Jones 16, Pony boy groom domestic (Salford)
Mary Ann E. Gwineth 39, Housekeeper (?)
Elizabeth Tapson 28, Lady's maid (Tipton, Devon)
Charlotte Stevens 26, House maid (Bampton)
Mary Hughes 30, Housemaid (Llanfaes, Anglesey)
Frances Chivers 26, Housemaid (Chatsworth)
Annie Walker 22, Housemaid (Leeds)
Sarah Poole 24 Laundrymaid (Cardistones)
Sarah Jones 21 Laundrymaid (Llangylyngan)
Elizabeth Jones 23 Laundrymaid (Eglwys bach)
Ellen Lewis 22 Stillroom maid (Beaumaris)
Sarah Ann Moorwood 22 Kitchenmaid (Netherwhiarne)?
Bettie Flemington 21 Scullerymaid (Mortins)?
Josephine Gwinor 22 Lady's maid (Ingon)?
Rosingard Paul 28 Cook (Carlis)?
Thomas Lyons 22 Gardener (Hoole)
BARON HILL LODGE
Photo copyright Nigel Williams
Richard Davies 62 Agricultural labourer (Llanfihangel Esgeifiog)
Jane Davies 61 wife (Amlwch)
|Received the following fascinating message from Alys Hayes KD|
I've just come across your site after seeing a copy of the 1881 census for the Anglesey area. My mother-in-law is a keen family history researcher and she had just found details that relate to both my ancestors and distant relatives of my husband.
I knew that my great-grandfather (on my mother's side), William Ives, had worked as a butler on Anglesey - and his wife, Charlotte, had also been a housekeeper there. Well, it seems that they must have met at Baron Hill, since the census shows them both there in1881
William is listed as being the Under Butler and Charlotte (Stevens as she was before marriage) was a Housemaid.
There is also a Thomas Tullet listed as First Footman - who we now know to be a distant relation of my husband, Alan. Confusingly, the later printed version of the census lists William Ives as William 'Tees' as they misread the script writing from the original.
I know that William and Charlotte returned to England to marry and worked in London, as a butler and housemaid for a while, where their first child (my grandfather) was born. However, a couple of years later they were back in Anglesey, now at Plas Llanfair where William was once again butler and Charlotte was housekeeper.
Their second child (a girl) was born there and lived all her life in Wales, working as a primary school teacher in Llandudno.
|Charlotte Ives nee Stephens
Photos courtesy of Alys Hayes
There's some 30 years between the two photos (I think) since William died in 1890, aged about 38 but Charlotte survived him by over 30 years.
I'd guess the photo of her was taken around either the time of the 1st world war, or during the 1920s.
Unfortunately, William died from flu in 1890 at the age of 38 and Charlotte spent the rest of her life in Wales with her daughter (my grandfather moved back to London to work, where he met my grandmother).
Anyway, I thought that you might find this of interest - it is odd how my husbands family and mine bumped into each other over 100 years before we met!!
Best wishes with the site.
Regards, Alys Hayes
Thank you Alys for supplying an insight into your great grandparents, who worked at Baron Hill and Plas Llanfair.
Alys can be contacted via email@example.com should you be able to help with her family research. KD.
Beaumaris from Baron Hill
1881, Temperance Hotel opened by Lady Bulkeley. Proprietor was Owen Rowlands. The hotel encouraged the virtues of teetotalism. (see 1895)
|1881, 2nd July - BEAUMARIS COURT CASES|
William Owen, Town's End, Beaumaris, at Beaumaris, for destroying part of a tree on the private grounds of Sir R.L.N.W. Bulkeley. Ordered to pay 2/6 plus 8/6 costs..
1883, December 4th, - an illuminated address was presented to Sir Richard Williams Bulkeley of Baron Hill on his coming of age, by the tenants of the estate and other well wishers. Inset are lists of the committee, subscribers etc.
1884 saw the death of Sir Richard Lewis Mostyn Williams-Bulkeley, the 11th knight a captain in the Royal Horse Guards.
In 1885, Sir Richard Williams Bulkeley married Lady Magdalen Yorke, (born 1865), daughter of Charles, 5th earl of Hardwicke. They had four children, Richard Gerard Wellesley (born 1888), Generis Alma Windham (born 1889), Eira Helen (born 1891) and Siriol Penelope Diana (born 1902).
of ANNE daughter of GRIFFITH
JONES, Blacksmith, Baron Hill
died March 5th 1845 aged 3 years.
JANE his wife died May 7th 1858
aged 55 years.
Also RICHARD their son, died
Decr. 26th 1857
aged 55 years.
Also of the above named
born October the 7th 1809
died November the 7th 1888.
1891 BARON HILL CENSUS
Baron Hill's drawing room
Richard H.Williams Bulkeley 28, living on own means (London)
Magdalene 25, wife (Paris - Embassy)
Richard G.W. Bulkeley 3, son (London)
Generis A. W. Bulkeley 1, daughter (London)
Eira H. Bulkeley 3months, daughter (London)
John Henry Cox, 38, domestic (Thenford, Northants)
Tim Pierce 37 domestic (Wiltshire, Hungerford)
Henry Burton 28 domestic (London)
John Fletcher 28 domestic (Horncastle)
Henry T. Mitchell 21 domestic (Surrey)
William A. E. Eastwood 18 domestic (America)
Emily Indjay 45 domestic (Cornwall - Saltash)
Claire Drish 28 domestic (France)
Isabella McHandy 30 domestic (Scotland)
Ellen Hibbett 23, domestic (Rutland - Greetham)
Sarah Cook 25 domestic (Norfolk - Saham)
Mary Rowlands 18 domestic (Wales - not known)
Mary Scouse 36 domestic (Hants - Burghelese)
Annie Hughes 29 domestic (Flintshire - Buckley)
Agnes Axter 25 domestic (Bucks - Amersham)
Susan Ward 22 domestic (Durham - Middlesborough)
Elizabeth Ball 24 domestic (Cheshire - Leighton)
Annie Groucott 22 domestic (Cheshire - Beeston)
Annie Wharton 19 domestic (Cheshire - Caldey)
Annie Macking 36 domestic (Surrey - Coombe)
Emma Prout 22 domestic (Hants - Bournemouth)
Elizabeth Dickinson 18 domestic (Denbighshire - Wrexham)
Baron Hill East Lodge
Jane Davies 72, widow, Lodge Keeper (Amlwch)
Baron Hill Bailiffs House
Adam Thompson 43, Estate Bailiff (Scotland)
Maggie Thompson 43 wife (Scotland)
John Thompson 16 son (Ireland)
Robert Thompson 14 son (Ireland)
Maude Thompson 11 daughter (Anglesey - Llanfaes)
Eveline M. Thompson 6 daughter (Anglesey - Llanfaes)
Mary Thomas 19, general servant (Anglesey - Llanfair Mathafarn Eithaf)
|Early 1900s - Those at the top of the labour hierarchy, the skilled artisans, earned between 35/- and 40/- a week, and enjoyed regular employment. They could afford a reasonable standard of living, and to make provisions against unexpected loss of earnings, joined a friendly society - The Druid's Society, St David's Society or the Loyal Bulkeley Lodge of the Oddfellows Friendly Society. In return for a small subscription, members were provided with sickness benefit and a free burial.|
Baron Hill at the turn of the century
1901 BARON HILL CENSUS
Head of household is noted as absent.
Generis Alma Bulkeley 11 daughter (London)
Eira Helen Βulkeley 10 daughter (London)
Pauline Boxhorn 39 Governess, domestic (Foreign subject - Austrian)
Annie Mackeeg 46 housekeeper (Surrey, Croydon)
Marie Pourain 20 ladies maid (Foreign subject - Frencch)
Mary Jane Dunn 28 housemaid (Northumberland)
Mimie Agnes Shaw 35 stillroom maid (Northampton town)
Emily Tomkiss 23 housemaid (Staffordshire)
Nelli Clarissa Wade 18 housemaid (London)
Mary Agnes Regan 23 kitchenmaid (Scotland, Grahamstown)
Charlotte Rosina Bearington 18 schoolroom maid (Cambridgeshire, Wimploe)
L. John Constable 29 Butler (Sussex, Lower Buding)
Eugine Neynick 29 Chef (Foreign subject - France)
Albert Harry Smith 25 footman (Surrey, Virginia Water)
Edward Walter Claydon 23 footman (uncertain)
Sidney Sully 16 Hall boy (Liverpool, St Mary's)
Albert Delaze 19 scullery man (Foreign subject - France)
Magdaline W Bulkeley 34 is recorded as a vistor in 1 Devonshire Street, Princes Park, Liverpool, Lancashire, in the home of Anthony G Lyster 48, a Civil Engineer (Holyhead, Anglesey) and his wife Frances 36, (Newtown, Montgomeryshire) during the 1901 census.
Sir Richard Bulkeley may have been abroad as he cannot be located in 1901.
The following enquiry was received from Duncan Sands, can anyone help? KD
I see the 1901 Barons Hill census shows Annie Mackeeg as Housekeeper, aged 46, born Croydon, Surrey. My paternal grandmother was a Mackeeg, and I am in possession of a book "All The Year Round", Vol 34. Published in 1884. The first page is inscribed by hand "A. Mackeeg a gift from Lady Hardwicke".
Does the name Hardwicke have any relevance to Penmon?
Do you have any further information regarding Annie Mackeeg?
I would appreciate any help. Thanks.
Stuart and Duncan can be contacted via firstname.lastname@example.org
I am grateful to Stuart McKegg for the following message, which has been forwarded to Duncan. KD;
I've just had a look at your site when "Googling" the MacKeeg name and see that Duncan Sands was looking for any information on Annie MacKeeg b1853 in Croydon.
Nearly all my information comes from searching through census returns and parish records. All I have been able to find is on the 1861 where she was living at home, 1871 where she worked as a nursery maid for William Fitzhugh (a barrister in Kensington) and of course the 1901 census when she was a housekeeper at Baron Hill.
In 1861, Annie lived in High Street Row, Totterdown, Tooting. Her surname is recorded as McKegg and she was 7 years old. Her parents were Edmund McKegg, 44 a gardener journeyman, born in Essex, and Jane 41, born in Surrey, as were Annie's siblings, Emily, 5, and James, 8 months.
Lodging with the family were Stephen Gillam, 25, also a gardener journeyman, born in Kent, William E. Pont 21, a coach trimmer and George Lymon, 21, a coach wheeler (?), both born in Nottinghamshire
Ten years later, in 1871, Annie was living at 11 Arundel Garden, Kensington, working as a nursery maid for a non practising barrister, William Fitzhugh 48, born Millbrokk, Hants, and his wife Harriet, 343, born Picadilly Middlesex. Their family consisted of Eleanor M. 5, William R., 4, Mildred C., 2 and Muriel E. 1, all born in Kensington.
Also employed there with Annie were Anne MacDonald, 33, nurse domestic servant, Maria White, 29, cook, Esther Webber, 22, under nurse, Elizabeth Alderton, 21, housemaid and Charles Grech, 16, footman.
Annie was quite a long way down my tree, a first cousin three times removed to be precise, and have had difficulty in finding out much else about her, apart from her death at the age of 87 in Bangor. This is mainly due to her being unmarried and therefore not having any direct family to contact.
I assume Duncan's interest is through Annie's elder brother William MacKeeg whose daughter Lillian married Henry John Sands, so I might be help in his research.
I have researched the family name and traced it back to 1700. If you don't mind forwarding this email to Duncan, I might have some information on the family which may be of use to him.
Happy to oblige. More information about Annie and her family, courtesy of Stuart MacKegg can be found on the Some Beaumaris Families page. KD
Robert Thompson 42 Gamekeeper (Scotland)
Sarah Thompson 34 wife (Norfolk)
Edith Mary Thompson 8 daughter (Llanfaes)
James Sam Thompson 6 son (Llanfaes)
John Thompson 3 son (Llanfaes)
Henry Thompson 1 son (Llanfaes)
Adam Thompson 51 Estate Bayliff (Scotland)
Margaret 51 wife (Scotland)
Robert Thompson 24 son, Ship's Stewart (Ireland)
Maude Thompson 21 daughter Pupil teacher (Llanfaes)
Eireline Thompson 16 scholar (Llanfaes)
Joseph Ball 78 working on the drives (Cheshire - Thornton le Moors)
Ellen Ball 74 wife (Cheshire - Plemstall)
1903 - All motor cars had to be registered with the County Council. Only 13 cars were registered in Anglesey this year. five of the earliest belonged to local people; Sir Richard Bulkeley (EY 1), James Burton (EY 2 and EY 3), Samuel Chadwick of Haulfre, Llangoed (EY 4 and EY 5), Thomas Hampton Lewis of Henllys and William Massey of Cornelyn - all men of considerable wealth. Motor cars cost more than the price of a modest house and were expensive to run.
|1907 - Edward VII was a personal family friend and called for tea when he came to christen the University College of North Wales. The gun salute given to Royalty with a brass cannon, created in the Baron Hill foundry in Beaumaris to commemorate their visits, is part of local folklore.
1908 - New Crown Post Office built by Sir Richard Bulkeley was opened in Church Street and leased to the Post Office for £66 per annum.
Two shops demolished to make way for it; George Warmsley. Tobacconist and Hairdresser, and Lewis Owen, Cycle Dealer. The Postmaster's salary was raised to £117 when the office opened, as he was responsible for an establishment of 2 town postmen, 6 rural letter-carriers, 4 telegram boys, 2 sorting clerks and 3 female telegraphists
Baron Hill 1908
Gwyngyll United Choir entertain at Baron Hill in 1909
Baron Hill Lodge, around 1911
Parish clerk of Penmon for 40 years.
Sir RICHARD WILLIAMS BULKELEY
in memory of many happy days
with one who faithfully served
Baron Hill estate for 68 years.
He fell asleep March 5th 1909
in his 90th year.
1911 - Edward Thomas Marchant lived with his family in the Bailiff's House at Baron Hill Farm as a Clerk of Works and Army Pensioner. Ten years earlier he was a Park Ranger, living in Beaumaris.
He and his wife Jane are pctured here with their children and grandchildren
Photo by kind permission of Mary McIntyre, their great granddaughter.
See link to 'Some Beaumaris Families'.
1912 - William-Bulkeley Hotel was lit by acetylene gas, boasting a billiard room, croquet lawn and handsome suites furnished in a costly manner. Charge was 5 guineas a week
1914 - Two Belgians employed at Baron Hill were arrested as spies.
1920 - Houses owned by the Baron Hill estate on New Street were offered up for sale. Nos 1 - 11, each having three bedrooms, fetched £120 apiece. Some cottages on Chapel Street were sold for as little as £50.
1920 - The Williams-Bulkeley Hotel was sold for £5,000.
The Williams-Bulkeley Hotel
1923- Electoral Register for Beaumaris, shows the following a eligible to vote;
Baron Hill; Richard Henry Williams Bulkeley
Baron Hill Lodge; John Williams
Baron Hill Lodge; Richard Parry
Baron Hill Lodge; William Frost Brimicombe and Minnie Brimicombe
Baron Hill Home Farm; William Hughes and Annie Hughes
Baron Hill Home Farm; William Hughes, Owen Owens and Elizabeth Owens
Keeper's House Baron Hill; Harry Pimborough, George Edward Pimborough, Susannah Pimborough and George E. Pimborough
North Lodge, Baron Hill; Goodyear, George & Dora Catherine
1925 - Castle handed over by the Bulkeley family to the Ministry of Works for its preservation as an ancient monument. Work removing ivy from walls and debris from moat commenced.
In memory of
JOHN WILLIAMS Park
Keeper to Sir RICHARD BULKELEY Bart.
who was accidentally drowned in the
Mai.Sts. Dec 29 1889
wife of the above named
who died August 15 1928
aged 78 years
1939-45 - William Knowles was a gamekeeper at Baron Hill, living at the Lodge. He was widowed and in his late 60s. He wore 'plus fours' and a gamekeeper's hat with Blue Jay feathers. His granddaughter, Chiara Vagnarelli would like to hear from anyone who has information about him. Chiara can be contacted via www.penmon.org
1940 - Sir Richard Williams-Bulkeley died (born 1862)
1945 - After the Second World War, Baron Hill was left to deteriorate - now derelict.
1951 - The Mayor of Beaumaris (Sir Richard Williams-Bulkeley) was last night (7th August) elected an alderman of Beaumaris Borough Council, in succession to the late Alderman J. O. Jones..
The Jones Family
Craig y Gigfran
Baron Hill and Mynydd Llwydiarth connection.
Received the following enquiry from Dawn Hughes KD:
Firstly I want to congratulate you on a brilliant site, the information on it is fantastic, I really enjoy going through everything you have.
My question or to put it another way Plea for help is about Mynydd Llwydiarth and Llyn Llwydiarth.
Have you any idea how and when Baron Hill came to own part of the Mountain
and Lake ? Also the Boathouse by the lake, have you any idea when it was
built ? (I have found it on a map for 1900) Have you ever heard any stories
about royalty visiting the lake ?
I'd appreciate anything you can help me with.
If you can help Dawn, she can be contacted via email@example.com
One branch of my family originates from Graig y Gigfran, Mynydd Llwydiarth.
The Jones family lived there from circa 1824 to circa 1915. The remains of
the cottage still (two walls and pig - sty) stands today, hidden away in
|1841 Census. Gigfran.|
Owen Jones, 40, sailor, Eleanor Jones 30, Ann, 12, Eleanor, 10, Richard, 8, John, 6, Owen, 4, Agnes 1, all born Anglesey.
Craig y Gigfran ruins.
1851 Census. Gigfran.
Owen Jones, 53, farmer, 15 acres, 43, wife, children, Eleanor, 18, Owen, 13, Elizabeth, 10, Margared 8, Hugh, 6, Mary, 4, all born Anglesey.
Craig y Gigfran ruins.
1861 Census. Gigfran.
Owen Jones, 62, farmer of 12 acres, also a labourer, born Llanddona, Ellin, 54, wife, born Llanddyfnan, Elizabeth Jones, 20, Margaret, 18, Mary, 14, Llewelyn 7, all born Llangoed.
Craig y Gigfran ruins.
1871 Census. Craig y Gigfran.
Owen Jones, 74, agricultural labourer, born Llanddona, Ellen, 65, wife, born Llanfair Math. Llewelyn, 17, agricultural labourer, born Llangoed
North Wales Chronicle
Saturday 5th July, 1873
OPEN AIR PREACHING. - A sermon was delivered last sunday in the open air by the Rev. E. Rowland, curate of Pentraeth, at a place called Craig y Gigfran, on the highest peak of Mynydd Llwydiarth.
A great crowd congregated together from Pentraeth, Red Wharf, Llanddona, Llansadwrn etc. There are many in the immediate neighbourhood of this spot who never attend any place of worship, and it was evident by the attentive manner in which they listened to the sermon that they appreciated the service very much, and wish to have the same treat soon again.
Mr Rowland has been in the habit of holding cottage lectures for the last six months with success, and preached four times every Sunday for the last three months in the parish churches of Pentraeth, Llanddyfnan, Llanbedrgoch and Llanfairmathafarneithaf.
The lake viewed from Mynydd Llwydiarth
St Mary's Church, Pentraeth
1881 Census. Cigfran.
Ellen Jones, 75, widow, born Llanfair P.G. son Llewelyn Jones, 27, born Llangoed Mary 31, born Aber, Mary 4, Margaret, 3, Christmas, 1 all born Llangoed.
Craig y Gigfran ruins.
1891 Census. Cigfran, Pentraeth.
Llewelyn Jones, 38, agricultural labourer, born Pentraeth, Mary Jones, 45, wife, born Aber, Carnarvonshire, children Mary 15, Christmas, 12, Ellen, 9, Owen, 7, Anne, 5, all born Pentraeth.
Craig y Gigfran ruins.
1901 Census. Gigfran, Pentraeth.
Llewelyn Jones, 47, born Pentraeth, general labourer, Mary, 55, wife, born Aber Carnarvonshire, Ellen, 19, Annie, 15, both born Pentraeth.
|The man on the left with the cap slightly covering one eye is Hugh Jones, son of Owen and Elinor, born at Graig y Gigfran.
He settled with his wife and family at Pen Parc. The little boy is his son Llewellyn, who was killed in the Great War.
1911 Census. Gigfran, Pentraeth.
Llewelyn Jones, 58, rabbit catcher, born Pentraeth, Mary, 65, wife, born Aber, married 35 years, 6 children all living, Llewelyn Jones, 9, son of daughter, born Pentraeth.
Pen Parc family, Pentraeth
|Hugh and Jane Jones,
Parc, Pentaeth, with their daughter
Jane and granddaughters Jane and Laura.
Hugh was a son of
Owen and Eleanor Jones.
His daughter Jane owned
The Panton Arms, Pentraeth.
Can you help me at all please?
Just been to see my parents in Beaumaris today and had a walk round the ruins of Baron Hill and then a trip to Penmon.
Do you know the extent of the Baron Hill Estate today i.e. is there a map available please? asks Dr Andrew Francis
I am not aware of any map which gives the extent of the current Baron Hill Estate. KD.
If anyone can assist Andrew, he can be contacted via firstname.lastname@example.org.
LITERARY LIAISONS LTD
Click on title to visit the Literary Liasons, Ltd site.
I am very grateful to Michelle Prima for permission to use this fascinating article.
Status was just as important in the servant hierarchy as it was in the aristocratic ranks. Servants were divided into 'Upper' and 'Under' ranks. Upper ranks were entitled to respect and deference from the under staff. Upper rank servants would take the head places at dinner, unless they ate separately in the Steward's or Housekeeper's rooms. Visiting servants were seated according to the ranks of their master or mistress. Thus, a countess's lady's maid would be seated above a baroness's lady's maid, but both would be seated above a viscountess's under servants. Another class of servant was the 'senior' class. These servants were of neither 'Upper' or 'Under' rank. They were accorded some of the same privileges as the upper servants, such as being waited upon by the under ranks and eating with the upper servants. But they rarely had the full privileges of an upper servant, such as the master or mistress's castoff clothing.
Housekeeper--In households where domestics employed number over twenty-five, the housekeeper's sole duty is to engage, manage and dismiss the female servants, with the exception of lady's maid, nurse and cook, whom the mistress engages. In smaller households, the housekeeper manages the stores, both ordering and dispersing them. She tends to the house linen, both repairing it and replacing it as necessary. She supervises the china-closet, the stillroom department, and superintends the arrangement of bedrooms for visitors and their servants. Her daily routine includes: overlooks the stillroom, sees what china and linen is given out for breakfast, presides over the housekeeper's room breakfast, gives out the stores for the day, assist in washing china, makes rounds of the bedrooms and replaces supplies such as candles, writing paper and soap, makes sure the rooms are clean and in order, presides over the servant's hall dinner, arranges dessert for dinner, makes tea in the afternoon, and makes the coffee for dinner. She also makes preserves and bottles fruit. She keeps the household accounts, and does most of the needlework. In smaller households, the cook often assumes the duties of the housekeeper.
Lady's Maid--A lady's maid attends to her mistress's appearance. She arranges her hair and assists in dressing her. She packs and unpacks the mistress when traveling. She may also make her mistress's dresses. Depending on the size of the household, she may assume some of the housekeeper's duties. In a typical day, she: brings up hot water as necessary, brings up tea before breakfast, prepares clothes for dressing, assists the mistress in dressing, puts the room in order, puts out necessities for walking, riding or driving, assists in taking off her outdoor attire, puts evening dress in order, assists in dressing her for dinner, sits up for her, assists in undressing her, puts away her jewels, keeps her wardrobe in repair and washes the lace and fine linens. She also attends to any pets the mistress may have.
Governess--A governess taught the children of middle and upper class households until they were old enough to go away to school, college, or to a private tutor. She was generally a well-educated middle-class girl who needed to earn her own living. But although she was expected to have the bearing and education of a 'lady' she was treated as a servant. This often left her in limbo--neither an insider or an outsider, as the other servants resented her as too educated and too good for their ranks.
Nurse--The nurse is in charge of caring for the household's children from the time they are born, until they are turned over to the care of the governess. She washes and dresses the children, feeds them, takes them on outings, and puts them to bed. She makes the children's ordinary under-clothing, and repairs their general clothing. Most nurses have dinner brought to them in the nursery, but some dined with the other servants.
Cook--In large households, only the cooking proper is the duty of the cook. All ingredients are prepared for her use by the kitchen maids. (A man cook takes a higher position and even less of the plain cooking.) A first-class cook attends to the family breakfast after having her own. She makes out the menu for luncheon and dinner, which is sometimes reviewed and altered by the mistress. In town, she orders from the tradespeople who serve the house. She prepares the soup for the following day, prepares the pastry, jellies, creams and entrees for the day, all in the morning. The afternoon is usually her free time, unless there is a dinner party or guests. She then prepares dinner, and once dinner is served, her duties are over for the day. It is also her duty to lock the doors and windows of the basement, to let the kitchen fire burn low, and to turn off the gas in the kitchen and passages before retiring. In smaller households, the cook assumes the duties of the head kitchen-maid and even scullery maid.
Kitchen Maid--In large households, the head kitchen maid is an under-cook and assumes many of the plain-cooking responsibilities. In small households, the kitchen maid prepares vegetables, game and poultry, does the dairy-work, and bakes the bread. If there is no stillroom maid, she makes the cakes for luncheon, tea and dessert and the rolls for breakfast. She keeps the kitchen clean and keeps things in order.
Housemaid--In large households, the upper housemaid undertook lighter jobs such as making beds and tidying bedrooms. She made sure rooms were supplied with the necessary linens, and that they were kept in repair. She dusted the china ornaments, and tended to the flower arrangements. She kept an eye on the lower housemaids, who would light the fires, clean the living rooms, polish the brass, carry water upstairs for washing, and empty the chamberpots. Some maids were assigned to specific rooms, such as the still-room, laundry, dairy or nursery.
Scullery Maid--Her chief duty is to clean and scour the pots and pans, as well as the cooking utensils. She cleans the scullery, servant's hall, larders, and kitchen passages. She usually dines in the kitchen with the kitchen maid.
House Steward--A House Steward is employed only in larger households where the accounts are too extensive for the Housekeeper to manage. The House Steward has a sitting-room for his duties of household accounting. He may also act as a Land Steward. Those households having Land Stewards give them their own separate dwelling. The House Steward engages men and women servants, with the exception of the family, ladies' maids, nurses and valet. He pays their wages and dismisses them. He orders household goods, pays the household bills and keeps the household books. He usually submits the household books to his master once a month for review. He does not wear livery.
Valet--Valets are generally kept by single gentlemen and elderly gentlemen. A butler may act as a valet for a single man. A valet brushes his master's clothes, cleans his boots, carries up the water for his bath, puts out his clothes for dressing, shaves him if necessary, assists him in dressing, packs and unpacks his clothes when traveling. He also loads his rifle when shooting, stands behind his master's chair at dinner, waits at his breakfast and luncheon, attends to the master's wardrobe and sees that everything is in repair and order. A valet to an elderly gentleman attends to his health needs also, and may sleep in the room with his master. He does not wear livery.
Butler--The butler is the head of his department and responsible for the performance of those under him (the footmen). He has usually served his apprenticeship in domestic service, slowly working his way up the hierarchy. His responsibilities increase with the size of his establishment. He is in charge of the plate chest and makes sure it is properly cleaned before use. He keeps accounts of the wine handed out and consumed by the household. He decants the wine for luncheon and dinner, and puts away decanters after each meal. He also bottles wine, and country butlers brew beer. A butler takes over the valet's duty when there isn't one in the household. A butler announces visitors during the afternoon hours. He readies rooms for use every day, as well as tidies them. In households with only one footman, the butler assumes some of the pantry work.
Coachman--His duties vary depending on the number of footmen employed, and whether or not there is a second-coachman on staff. In families with more than one coachman, the head coachman drives a pair of horses and the second coachman drives one horse. Nightwork is the duty of the second coachman. The head coachman supervises those under him (second coachman and grooms), and sees that the horses are properly fed and taken care of. He also has charge of the the stables and is responsible for ordering supplies. He assists the groom in cleaning the carriages and harness. In some families, coachmen have their meals with the servants. In others, they have their own rooms in the stables.
Head Gardener--The head gardener is in charge of the hot-houses, green-houses and conservatories on the estate. He supervises the rest of the gardeners, their number depending on the size of the gardens.
Footman--A typical day for a footman is the following routine: He takes coals to the sitting-room, cleans the boots, trims the lamp wicks, cleans the plate, lays the breakfast table, carries in breakfast, waits at breakfast, removes breakfast, answers the door in the morning after 12 o'clock, delivers notes, lays the luncheon table, takes in and waits luncheon, clears the table and cleans the silver, lays the dinner table, goes out with the carriage in the afternoon, attends to fires throughout the day and evening, prepares table for tea, cleans up after tea, waits at dinner, clears the dinner table, helps clean the plate, washes the glass and silver used at dinner, takes in coffee and dessert after dinner, waits in attendance in front hall when dinner guests are leaving, attends to the gentlemen in the smoking room, attends to lighting in the house at dusk, goes out with the carriage in the evening and valets the young gentlemen in the family. Footmen dress in livery. When one footman is employed, the butler assists in his duties. When two footmen are kept in lieu of a butler and footman, the head footman assumes the duties of the butler. When two or three footmen are kept with a butler, the head footman is called an under-butler, although he remains in livery.
Groom--He attends to the horses and exercises them. He cleans the carriages and harness, and feeds the horses. He also readies the stables for the master's inspection each morning.
Depending on the number of servants kept in an establishment, these duties often blend with one another.
Multi-million pound bid to save
Baron Hill stately home
16th August 2008 by Owen R Hughes, Daily Post
A MULTI-MILLION pound bid to turn one of the great lost homes of Wales into luxury apartments has been submitted.
Baron Hill, the former stately home of the Bulkeley family, would be turned into luxury apartments under a partnership between the Watkin Jones Group, Sir Richard Williams-Bulkeley and the Baron Hill Estate.
The North Wales developer has now lodged the application to build 43 apartments in the massive restoration and redevelopment project at the Grade II listed building outside Beaumaris. If completed it would be one of the most ambitious and luxurious developments ever seen on Anglesey.
Sir Richard said: "We are at last chance saloon now before the house reaches a stage from which it would never recover from. The family is very pleased at the plans and excited at this development, which will return the appearance of the home back to how it was once was.
"We have had previous attempts to develop the property but they have come to nothing and I think time is now running out. This would also be very good news for jobs locally and be good for the whole economy. I am hopeful that the planning application will now be approved."
Originally built in 1618 for the Bulkeley family, Baron Hill was remodelled into the Neo-Palladian style in 1776 by the architect Samuel Wyatt for the 7th Viscount of Bulkeley, who was also the first and last Baron of Beaumaris.
It remained the Bulkeley family home until the 1920s, when they moved to more modest accommodation and the mansion was then used for storage.When the Second World War broke out, the Government requisitioned it and it was used as a billet for Polish soldiers.
Over the years the house and associated outbuildings have become derelict and now stands roofless and overgrown by trees.
Sir Richard added: "After the war lead was stolen from the parapets which really contributed to its downfall. It is now roofless but we can still preserve much of its original appearance."
Jeff St Paul, development manager with Watkin Jones, said: "Watkin Jones Group is working closely with Sir Richard Williams-Bulkeley and the Baron Hill Estate on a scheme to restore the derelict house."
Discussions have been held with planning officers from Anglesey council and heritage group Cadw.
A spokesman for Beaumaris Chamber of Trade said: "This is very good news for the town of Beaumaris and would provide a major boost for the town and its shops, which are struggling.
"It is far better to have a development of this type there rather than a derelict building and inaccessible grounds. I welcome this scheme and hope that it progresses."